Bwindi Impenetrable Forest
Bwindi is a large primeval forest located in southwestern Uganda on the edge of the Albertine Rift. Designated as a national park in 1991, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park now covers an area of 331km2 and ranges in altitude from 1100 to 2600m. The climate in the park is tropical with annual mean temperature ranges from 7 to 27°C and rainfall ranges from 1,400 to 1,900 millimeters.
The park's forests are afro-montane, a rare vegetation type found only on the African continent. The park has more than 220 tree species and 100 species of fern.
Bwindi is thought to have one of the richest faunal communities in East Africa. There are an estimated 120 mammal species in the park, ten of which are primates. It also contains more than 350 bird species and more than 200 butterfly species.
Gorilla tracking in Bwindi is the absolute highlight of any trip to Uganda. Entrances to the park and access to the various gorilla groups are as follows:
Buhoma - nestled in the northwest corner of the park, and currently hosting three groups of gorillas, this was the first section to open for gorilla tracking.
Ruhija - located in the remote east of the park, this entrance is home to two groups which can be visited by non-researchers.
Nkuringo - set in a spectacular portion of the southwest of the park; though there is only one group in this section of the park, it is considered one of the most entertaining and relaxed.
Rushaga - the newly opened portion of the southeast of the park; includes three groups available for tracking.
Much more information about the groups and their locations can be found by clicking here.
Visit a Batwa ('pygmy") Hideout at Garama Cave
Nearly a century ago there was a conflict among the people in the area. The Bantu tribes lived in villages and practiced farming, while the Batwa remained in the forest as hunter-gatherers.
Sometimes, the Batwa warriors would raid the villages and disappear once again into the forest. The Bantu had no idea there was a hidden cave in the forest and therefore could not find the crafty Batwa.
The cave is 343m long and 14m deep, and is now inhabited only by bats, but your guide will explain how the Batwa lived and fought from this cave. The walk to and from the cave passes through montane woodland with plenty of opportunities for bird watching and simply enjoying the scenery (US$85,- pp, including park entrance fees).
|Hiking time:||3 - 4 hours|
|Elevation gain:||Very little|
Hike to Sabyinyo Gorge
This hike takes you deep into Sabyinyo’s lush gorge where you'll find thick wet vegetation and a beautiful moss-lined stream. At the end of the gorge you'll find yourself looking straight up at the peaks of Mount Sabyinyo with the sounds of a small waterfall by your side. Keep your binoculars ready because the gorge is one of the best birding spots in the area. Look for the Rwenzori turaco, duikers, and golden Monkeys. (Cost: US$50,- pp, including park fees).
|Hiking time:||4 - 5 hours|
This tour makes for an easy addon to any tour passing through Bwindi, Kabale, or Kisoro.
Climbing Mount Muhavure
Visible from all over Kisoro district, Mount Muhavura makes an excellent landmark. Towering above the land, this typical cone shaped volcano provides some of the best views in Uganda. On a clear day trekkers can see all of the other Virunga volcanoes, plus Lake Edward in Queen Elizabeth National Park, and the peaks of the Rwenzoris.
Muhavure does not have the thick forest of Gahinga and Sabinyo. Much of the climb is a gradual incline up a rocky surface covered by grasses and small shrubs. The low vegetation gives you excellent views of the area throughout the day. At the top (4127m) you are rewarded with fine views over Congo and Rwanda with a crystal clear crater lake in the foreground. Look out for scarlet-tufted malachite sunbirds among the giant lobelias (Cost: US$65,- pp, including park fees).
|Difficulty:||tough, very steep!|
|Hiking time:||8 - 10 hour|
|Elevation gain:||1700 m|
Climbing Mount Sabyinyo
Mount Sabyinyo (meaning 'old man's teeth') offers three challenging peaks to climb. The trail takes you up a ridge along the Eastern side of peak 1. If you wish to continue, the climb to peak 2 involves walking a ridge with breathtaking drops into the gorges of Rwanda and Uganda. Finally, the hike up to peak 3 is steep with several ladders and much scrambling - you are sure to get your hands dirty en route. On top of peak 3 (3669 meter) you will be in Rwanda, Uganda and Congo at the same time!
The Sabinyo hike takes you through all different vegetation belts, and you have good chances of seeing golden monkeys, duikers, Rwenzori turaco and sunbirds (Cost: US$65,- pp, including park fees).
|Difficulty:||tough, very steep!|
|Hiking time:||8 - 10 hours|
|Elevation gain:||1300 m|